Oman’s 2030 Green Hydrogen Target Is 1 Million Ton/Year

Oman’s 2030 Green Hydrogen Target Is 1 Million Ton/Year

  • Oman has announced its ambition to produce 1 MTPA green hydrogen by 2030 under a new strategic initiative
  • A new focused entity Hydrom has been established to oversee competitive selection process, award land blocks and manage associated projects
  • 1st bidding round is to be launched on November 6, 2022 to award 2 land blocks in Duqm
  • Another bidding round will be announced in May 2023 to award 4 additional land blocks in Thumrait region

The Sultanate of Oman has announced its 2030 target to produce 1 million tons per annum (MTPA) of green hydrogen annually with the help of solar and wind energy, and sets up Hydrogen Oman (Hydrom) to award land blocks, with 1st bidding round due to be launched on November 6, 2022.

Green hydrogen plans

Oman estimates 50,000 km² land available in the country for hydrogen production which can host an equivalent of 25 MTPA of hydrogen or 500 GW of renewables, according to the Ministry of Energy and Minerals (MEM). It aims to use this green hydrogen for domestic use and also to export the same mainly to Europe and Asia.

Broadly, the ministry envisions the green hydrogen target as:

  1. Produce between 1 MTPA and 1.25 MTPA of green hydrogen with 8 GW to 10 GW of electrolyzer capacity, powered by 16 GW to 20 GW of renewable energy capacity, by 2030.
  2. By 2040, the target will be to produce 3.25 MTPA to 3.75 MTPA from 35 GW to 40 GW electrolyzer and 65 GW to 75 GW renewables capacity.
  3. Finally by 2050, Oman targets to generate 7.5 MTPA to 8.5 MTPA green hydrogen with the help of 95 GW to 100 GW electrolyzers, powered by 175 GW to 185 GW renewables capacity.
Pictured is a screenshot of an Energy Ministry presentation during the launch of Oman’s green hydrogen strategy that details the country’s ambitions in this domain. (Photo Credit: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Oman)

Focused entity Hydrom

Hydrom will be fully owned as a subsidiary of the Energy Development Oman, regulated by the MEM. It is tasked with the delineation of government owned land areas and structuring of associated large scale green hydrogen projects. The new entity will also manage data repository on wind and solar resources.

It will also manage the competitive process of allocation to developers while facilitating the development of common infrastructure and connected ecosystem industries and hubs. Hydrom will work alongside Public Authority for Special Economic Zones and Free Zones (OPAZ).

“Oman aims to become one of world’s leading green hydrogen hubs,” said Director General Renewable Energy and Hydrogen Abdulaziz Al Shidhani. “The development of the green hydrogen economy will provide a strategic opportunity for Omani and international companies to participate and collaborate in driving local and global energy security, economic diversification and much needed climate change mitigation.”

Competitive selection to award land blocks

Hydrom will launch the country’s 1st bidding round on November 6, 2022 to award land blocks for green hydrogen projects by 2023 to meet the 1 MTPA target by 2030. For this round, 2 blocks will be awarded in Duqm area.

Developers will be expected to propose a mix of wind and solar energy technologies that ensures a competitive levelized cost of hydrogen (LCOH). Electrolyzer technology can either be PEM or alkaline electrolyzers. Developers will be able to choose the end product which can either by hydrogen, ammonia or methanol. They will also be expected to secure the offtake for their projects.

Request for qualification (RFQ) round will be launched on November 6, 2022, to be followed by a request for proposal round in December 2022. Winners of the 1st round will be announced in March 2023.

According to the tentative timeline of the 2nd bid round an additional 4 blocks will be awarded in Thumrait area. For this an investor roadshow will be held in April 2023, followed by RFQ in May 2023, RFP in August 2023 and winners announced in December 2023.

“The bid round we announced today is the first of its kind globally and we are convinced it will help accelerate the development of the green hydrogen industry in Oman and globally,” added Acting Managing Director of Hydrom, Dr Firas Al Abduwani.

Oman aims to become a net zero economy by 2050 and it sees green hydrogen as a fast way to get there. The country is actively facilitating green hydrogen projects that are also increasing in numbers. ACME Group of India and Norway’s Scatec have already announced a partnership to produce 1.2 MTPA green ammonia in Oman’s Duqm SEZ with 300 MW electrolyzer and 500 MW solar energy producing 100,000 tons under phase I.

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